A Happy New Year to all from DW Photography and readers images and our writers. Special thanks to Jacqueline, Lois and Steve
I would like to take this opportunity to thank all the readers here at DW Photography.Each passing year brings many obsticles to the revitalization of our natural habitat
throughout the world, We are still destroying what we should be preserving. More than any time on our calendar our best friend Mother Nature needs our help.
Pick your small piece of nature and keep it clean and healthy. Find garbage that other people have left behind. Take ownership “stewardship” of your environment more than ever this year.
Thanking you in advance
Living in Hamilton has many perks with the proximity of Lake Ontario and Hamilton Harbour. By foot, Bike, Bus or drive down to the Harbourfront Park, Cootes Paradise, Princess Point, The Harbourfront Trail is very long with many attractions starting in Hamilton then Burlington and further.
Known for its heavy industrial waterfront, Hamilton will surprise new visitors.
The past decade has dramatically changed the waterfront bringing with it new recreational uses and restored natural and cultural features.
The Hamilton Waterfront Trail (7.5km):
follows Hamilton Harbour from Princess Point (Cootes Paradise) through Bayfront Park, Pier 4 Park, the Discovery Centre and on to HMCS Haida. You’ll also find Williams Coffee Pub, a Waterfront Ice Cream stand and the Hamilton Harbour Queen Cruises nearby.
At Cootes Paradise there is an impressive staircase with a cycling trough leading to Dundurn Park and some amazing lookouts. From here you can connect to Burlington via York Street- extreme caution is needed when crossing the ramp from the 403.
Note: The staircase at Coote’s Paradise is quite large and steep and can be a challenge for cyclists with full paniers.
The Hamilton Beach Recreation Trail:
follows the Lake Ontario shoreline for about 8 km taking people from Burlington under the Lift Bridge to Confederation Park and into the former Stoney Creek. Interpretative panels describe the history of Hamilton’s waterfront and explain the restoration process. Please note there is a new way to cross the very busy Eastport Drive/Beach Blvd.-take the path that goes under the bridge rather than crossing the road.
The Hamilton Beach Trail
Confederation Park – Van Wagner’s Beach Rd. and Centennial Parkway
Van Wagner’s Beach beside Lakeland Community Centre – Van Wagner’s Beach Rd. East of Confederation Park
Hamilton Harbour Fish and Wildlife Restoration Project
Wednesday December 28 2011
As Site Coordinator the next post will be a year in review at Elements Photoblog.
I wish everyone a great New Year with the Optimism we need to keeps Nature reviving.
Many new images of people, places and a few older images.
All the best
In 1997 the operation of a carp barrier/fishway began at the Cootes Paradise marsh, blocking the passage of carp into the marsh during spawning season but allowing the migration of all other spawning fish. As a result, aquatic vegetation has made a dramatic recovery throughout Cootes Paradise and the harbour. Fisheries monitoring has indicated a positive change in the composition of the fish community, including an increase in numbers of top predators and in species diversity. Recently, over 200 spawning pike were counted at the Cootes Paradise fishway. Prior to restoration, only 19 pike were recorded at the fishway. Similarly, waterfowl numbers in Cootes Paradise have increased dramatically due to the increased distribution and abundance of aquatic plants. Birds have been staying longer in the marsh and gaining strength for their migratory flight south.
The Grindstone Creek pike spawning marsh has been a 20-year restoration effort. The Grindstone Trail, connecting Cherry Hill Gate to Sunfish Pond is open to the public and provides educational interpretation and protects the flood plain by directing the large number of visitors to the boardwalk. Tours are open to groups and can be arranged by contacting Royal Botanical Gardens.
To date, habitat restoration efforts and improvements to public access have laid a strong foundation for continuing enhancement. Research and monitoring provide essential feedback for the design and construction of the next phases of habitat and public access projects.
Scientists with Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the Canadian Wildlife Service, McMaster and Brock Universities and the Royal Botanical Gardens are co-ordinating monitoring and research to advance fish and wildlife habitat restoration throughout the Great Lakes. The Fish and Wildlife Habitat Restoration Project in Hamilton Harbour and Cootes Paradise proposes to create 372 ha of fish habitat, 299 ha of wildlife habitat, 16 km of shore habitat for fish and wildlife and 9 km of trails. Substantial progress has already been made:
Shoreline rehabilitation and a new trail at Chedoke Creek
Development of a carp barrier/fishway, aquatic plant nursery and breeding and nursery ponds for amphibians and reptiles in the Cootes Paradise marsh
Pike spawning habitat, rehabilitated flood plain habitat and a new boardwalk at Grindstone Creek
Restoration of the lower Grindstone Creek, employing recycled Christmas tree
Shoreline naturalization and development of underwater reefs at Bayfront Park
Shoreline naturalization, beach restoration, development of reefs and a new trail at LaSalle Park
Shoreline naturalization, and the development of colonial nesting bird islands, underwater reefs, trail and lookout at the Northeastern Shoreline
Sand dune rehabilitation and a new trail at Burlington Beach
Decline and Recovery of Cootes Paradise
Once nearly 100% covered by emergent and submergent
aquatic plants, the extent of marsh vegetation has declined to
85% cover in the 1930s, and to only 15% in 1985. A variety
of stresses were responsible for this decline. Human development
and farming in the watershed contaminated the marsh’s
tributary streams with sewage effluent, eroded soil, and chemical
runoff. Within the marsh, carp activity physically damaged
and destroyed the marsh plants. Carp activity and eroded soil
from the watershed also muddy the marsh water, limiting light
penetration and plant growth. Controlled lake water levels,
and the introduction of non-native plant species have also
disrupted marsh ecology. For the restoration of Cootes Paradise
to be successful, RBG and other partners in the HH-RAP
agreed that an effective carp control program and pollution
abatement programs in the watershed were necessary.
“Nearly 60 per cent of original wetlands have been destroyed on the Canadian side of Lake Ontario, even more between Toronto and the Niagara River. In some parts of southwestern Ontario, the loss has reached 90 per cent, one of the highest rates in the world.”
As Site Coordinator after two years of documenting changes within our wetlands and Lake Ontario, my outcome leaves me with little Optimism, but mostly first hand knowledge of negative consequences from Pollution from high and low waters. Raw affluence still engorges Cootes Paradise leaving animals coated in an oily substance. The usually white mute swans are a dirty green for two months of the last year 2011. Yet compared to 20 years ago many gains have been made.What happens in Lake Ontario directly affects our wetlands.
The Next post will be on the oiling of Mute swan eggs and the probable lack of Signets next year unless wild ones can mate and not have there eggs tampered with.
Walleye, sharp-toothed, gold and olive in colour, appear to be back in Lake Ontario, after decades of very low number. Lilies grow in wetlands that were once sodden mud flats. Shimmering fish sparkle beneath the water’s surface, tiny glimmers of hope that Lake Ontario can be renewed and return to full health again.They are signs that the fish, wildlife and birds that were extirpated — locally extinct — can return to make their home in and near the lake’s waters.The losses have been extreme. Nearly 60 per cent of original wetlands have been destroyed on the Canadian side of Lake Ontario, even more between Toronto and the Niagara River. In some parts of southwestern Ontario, the loss has reached 90 per cent, one of the highest rates in the world.
Invasive species continue to threaten the biodiversity of the lake. They include the zebra mussel and the parasitic sea lamprey, which attaches itself to fish with its sucker mouth.Still, there are pockets of improvement. “The sheer number of waterfowl that rest on the lake during migratory period are more than anyone would believe, well over a million,” says ecologist Tys Theysmeyer. “It does remind you it is a great lake.”“Think back to the days when Lake Ontario and Lake Erie were being written off and polluted and unhealthy,” biologist Marion Daniels says of the 1960s and 1970s. Those would be the days when algae bloomed, when dead smelt littered the shoreline, when foam bubbled grey and noxious.“That’s been reversed in a lot of different ways.“We have to take care of the little things. If we’re successful in taking care of the little things, little things become big improvements.”Here are some recent ecological success stories in and around Lake Ontario.
The common carp, a half million pounds of sucker-mouthed, whiskered, heavy-scaled bottom feeders, had overtaken Cootes Paradise, part of the Royal Botanical Gardens between Hamilton and Burlington. It looked like a mud flat. Carp, introduced in the late 19th century as a replacement for salmon, sucked up sediment, rototilled plant life and left the water, polluted by runoff from agricultural land use and urban sewage, a murky mess. In one of North America’s largest wetland rehabilitation projects, which included a fishway to keep out the carp, it has become a true marshland paradise with waving cattails, pelicans (during spring migration), mink, muskrat, perch, sunfish and pike. Fifty native plants once at risk have returned. Most delightful: yellow water lilies and wild rice.
Marshlands: Bogs, swamps and shallow water — like the South Pasture Swamp at the Royal Botanical Gardens — are threatened by agricultural, industrial and urban development. In the past, wetlands were considered breeding grounds for mosquitoes that should be drained or paved. But they are to be treasured. They brim with more life than any other ecosystem — 200 species of birds and 50 species of mammals are dependent on wetlands, which are often sanctuaries for endangered species.
Wetlands: Black-crowned night herons — these are at Cootes Paradise — are wetland-loving birds that rest communally by day and fish by night. They are one of the 300 species of birds found at the Royal Botanical Gardens.
Return of the native
The water is cold and fast-running, the gravel clean in Duffins Creek, which spills into Lake Ontario at Ajax, creating a perfect nursery for Atlantic salmon. It’s one of four waterways — including the Credit River, the Humber River and Cobourg Brook — rehabilitated in the past six years to welcome the once-flourishing native species, which vanished at the end of the 19th century. Dams, deforestation, agricultural runoff had made the streams inhospitable. Add to that overfishing — there were reports of thousands being caught in single night. Now, trees are being planted on the banks to increase shade and lower water temperature, and fences are being erected to prevent livestock from polluting the stream and damaging spawning beds. Strains of salmon from Nova Scotia, Quebec and Maine have been hatched and released in Duffins Creek, some 800,000 so far. Scientists are watching to see which is the hardiest and are hoping for signs of wild reproduction.
Atlantic salmon: Since 2006 some 2.5 million young Atlantic salmon have been released into creeks and rivers that empty into Lake Ontario, a collaborative effort by 50 environment-minded citizens, government and private companies. A native species — descended from saltwater fish that adapted to freshwater — Atlantic salmon were last seen in local streams in 1896.
The big-winged birds have returned. Trumpeter swans, the largest of North American waterfowl, had not been seen in Ontario since the 19th century. They had been hunted to near extinction. Hundreds now overwinter in Burlington Bay thanks to the work of volunteers led by retired Ministry of Natural Resources biologist Harry Lumsden, who started a swan restoration program in 1982. Now the indigenous species with the memorable honk is self-sustaining. Another impressive bird, the bald eagle, hadn’t been seen near Lake Ontario in more than 50 years. Last fall, five were spotted at Cootes Paradise in the Royal Botanical Gardens, and one pair has made a nest there, the first on Lake Ontario in decades. There were hopes that the couple might reproduce this year, but it’s likely the male is too young to breed. Once threatened by DDT — they’d eat fish contaminated by the now-banned pesticide — they have an abundance of catfish and sunfish and lots of forested real estate where they can thrive.
Trumpeter swan: the black-billed birds (different from the orange-billed mute swans) were wiped out in Ontario until restoration efforts in the 1980s. There are now about 700 Ontario trumpeters, a population that is growing but still considered fragile.
Bald eagle: Once close to extinction, the bird with the 2.4-metre wingspan has finally returned to Lake Ontario, including Hamilton. Bald eagles need a generous amount of marsh space, 30 hectares or more, and a mature forest in which to nest.
Tiny, sparkly wonders
“It’s not super sexy,” says Gord MacPherson, “but the minnows are back.” Decades ago, the emerald shiner had fallen victim to a lake awash in detergent, fertilizer and sewage. The five-centimetre-long, iridescent fish had been displaced by alewife and smelt — you may have seen the latter washed up on the shore, says MacPherson, manager of habitat restoration for the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority. The shiners’ return signals a new balance in a clearer, cleaner lake. “On a nice summer day, when the lake is really calm, you can see bazillions of them. When I was a kid you couldn’t see them because of the algae.”
Lake Ontario’s shifting, restless dunes, what the poet Al Purdy called “white bonfires in the sunlight,” are continually being restored. The world’s largest freshwater sand barrier is at Sandbanks Provincial Park, near Picton. The dunes are still recovering from 19th century disturbances, when local farmers sent their cows to graze on the dunes — the loss of vegetation led to widespread erosion. Entire trees could be lost beneath the blown sand. Rehabilitation efforts include planting trees — 50,000 in the past five years — and marram grass, a native species. Fencing and walkways help reduce trampling and the impact of wandering visitors.