Tag Archives: Pollution

Explore Your Environment Four Seasons

Explore Your Environment Four Seasons

Monday 10  January 2011

Insects

Spend some time taking photographs of your Environment. You will be richer for capturing what you experience in your environment. Natural Environment is the ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention, including all vegetation, micro organisms, soil, rocks, and atmosphere. A Natural Environment is constructed with Built Environment which comprises the areas and components that are strongly influenced by humans. Universal natural resources and physical phenomenon that lack clear boundaries – air, water, climate, energy, radiation, electrical charge and magnetism. Earth Science has four spheres – atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere – as correspondents to rocks, water, air and life.

Environmental issues touch everyone ! Canada requires an informed Environmental Advocate for freshwater, wildlife and renewable energy. Environmental Sensitivity includes the protecting and nurturing of what is still undisturbed. In Canada’s Yukon wildlife biologist Fritz Mueller said: “This place is so remote we have to find out what’s here before we can figure out how to protect it.” Peter Kent, a former TV anchorman and foreign correspondent, was appointed early in January 2,011 by Canada’s Federal government as Environment Minister. Their mandate is to PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT. And, to PRESERVE THE QUALITY OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT including water, air, soil, flora and fauna. Already journalists have criticized Peter Kent’s comments because (a) he won’t talk about deformed fish; (b) he avoided mentioning the Federal government’s mandate including conservation. Within Environmental Canada’s mandate an objective is to conserve and protect Canada’s water resources which includes the acid rain issue. The Globe and Mail reported MPP Peter Kent stating he wants to create new national parks because everyone loves parks. He also stated: “I have a feel for the sensibilities of the people and of the environment.” The 2.010 Commission of Environment report uses the phraseology “sustainable development.”

September sunrise

Turning to Ontario, our own Hamiltonian, in 1994, Shiela Copps was Minister of the Environment. Later she became Deputy Prime Minister of Canada. The Ministry of Environment Safeguards Our Environment by working to ensure cleaner air, water and land, and healthier ecosystems for the people of Ontario. In Hamilton, there is the Waterfront Advisory Group (WAG). Environment Hamilton was established in 2,001 and the current Executive Director is Lynda Lukasik. Their mandate is to facilitate the ability of people in Hamilton area to develop the knowledge and skills they need to protect and enhance the environment around them. Also in Hamilton, the Community Advisory Panel (CAP) is dedicated to improving Hamilton’s Environment through their volunteer efforts. CAP is helping to create a healthier environment for future generations of Hamiltonian’s. This panel acts as a direct link between industry, neighbourhood groups and local environmental community-based initiatives. Lastly, and not least, we have Hamilton’s Waterfront Trust that has spent a decade transforming Hamilton Harbourfront and 500,000 people are attracted annually to the Waterfront, which is equivalent to the population of Hamilton. The Waterfront Trust in 2,011 has former city councillor Bob Charters who will help steer the new leadership as they set a different course for the Waterfront Trust. Living in the Hamilton Region, we are fortunate to have a myriad of supportive environmental groups. Why not volunteer a couple hours a week to one of these groups that help us enjoy our local environment ?

One of the most critical Environmental Issues in the Western World is WATER ! That is, water can be defined many ways, three of which are: (1) quantity and quality; (2) water is a renewable resource where rain and snow amount is finite each year; and, (3) without water, you don’t do much. Another issue is POLLUTION ! It’s impact can be local, regional or global. Pollution can effect our ability to maintain a strong economy and sustainable growth. Many groups including BARC and McMaster University’s Biology and Engineering Faculties work hard with environmental groups to reduce pollution in Hamilton Harbour.

Blue Heron

In all four seasons, in the Hamilton Region, it’s one’s willingness to set foot outdoors and EXPLORE OUR ENVIRONMENT with tenacity ! This extends to people interested in every facet of the environment, whether it be a biologist who studies fish caught at Hamilton Harbour’s Fish-way, a lichenologist studying microscopic alga and spends most of the time on hands and knees through a hand lens, or Hamiltonian’s capturing these and many more images with their photo lens as they explore their environment. Therefore, whatever view of the environment is your attraction – animals, birds, butterflies, creeks, fish, flowers, grass, ice, invasive species, invertebrates, lakes, leaves, moss, mountains, parks, rain, rivers, rocks, sky, snow, soil, sunshine, trees, turtles, vertebrates, water , waterfalls or wetlands – taking time to capture photographic images of your environment can add a rich and rewarding experience to your life.

Cootes Paradise

Source: Globe and Mail, Jacqueline

Doug Worrall Photographer

Signets Four Months Old Hamilton Harbourfront Park

Signets Four Months Old Hamilton Harbourfront Park

Monday September 20th 2010

Two years after Spencer Creek spill  Biedermann Packaging fire

calling for her signets

Update on the Mute swan family located now at Harboufront park Hamilton. Arrived to find just the Female mute swan alone, blood on her neck and calling out to

her Signets, a sound I have not heard before.I have been following this family daily for last four months. Noticing the Male way out in the Harbour being on Guard. After 10 minutes

without seeing the four mute swans my heart felt this is not right. The signets stay with there Parents for up to three years old. They looked sick yesterday probably from bread people feed them.

It made no sense the signets were not there. My mind was fearing the worse.

Then my trail-mate, yelled, there they are, out of the corner of my eye I saw white and then the four signets came into my line of sight.

Estatically I shot over 100 pictures just so happy nothing terrible happened to them. It is new to me to find-out they go feed by themselves now, without

the protection of  Mom or Dad swans. The Female always is with the Signets so am wondering why she could not swim with them to feed. The blood

on her neck leaves my only to make an educated guess that a unleashed Dog probably attacked the family.I get so angry at the apathetic,  dog owners

who donnot leash there animals. While Hiking through Cootes paradise, A  dog approached me 1 mile into the hike into the woods.Then the owner came

after. Of course the  kingfisher I was ready to take a picture of,  flew -off.  No respect for “our” environment and small animals that dogs attack.

Apathy and ignorance reign almighty in today’s society. Most play by the rules, yet a large majority ruin our Natural environment. Money and

business play the biggest  part. What happened in Spencer Creek in 2007 when there was a chemical spill in the water from Biedermann Packaging fire

that led to contaminated douse water flowing through a storm water drain directly into the creek? Here is some information below that Jaqui and I

are investigating.

KING FISHER

Key players in creek tragedy no-show at public forum Confusion remains two years after Spencer Creek spill

The empty table at the front of the room left those at last week’s public meeting on the toxic spill that wiped out Spencer Creek two years ago wondering what the main players in the tragedy really think about ongoing public concerns.

“Where are all these people?” Marty Zuliniak asked, motioning towards empty seats and unused microphones set up for representatives of Biedermann Packaging, Ministry of the Environment, Hamilton fire service, Royal Botanical Gardens and Hamilton Conservation Authority. No one showed up, despite being invited. The public meeting was also promoted in three Hamilton newspapers.

“Are they the cowards of the county? With all the publicity, how did we not get anybody here? Shame on them.”

The 16 residents who did attend spent a couple of hours discussing what they would have asked the main players in the July 26, 2007 Biedermann Packaging fire that led to contaminated douse water flowing through a storm water drain directly into the creek, while city staff took samples and the others watched.

In particular, they strongly questioned the response of Biedermann Packaging, Ontario’s Environment Ministry and Hamilton fire service during the fire, its immediate aftermath and in the 23 months since.

Mr. Zuliniak started the Sucker Sunday fishing derby in 1976, focusing on a fun event for kids. He’s found the Spencer Creek fish population has not returned since the toxic spill, and he’s concerned the damage may be worse than bureaucrats admit.

“It’s been a fantastic run until we had this disaster. This disaster was devastating. We went down to zero suckers,” he said.

Mr. Zuliniak organized the public meeting to get answers to several questions about the environmental incident and what’s been done since. He was particularly frustrated with the fire service’s managers.

“You pay these people,” Mr. Zuliniak said. “They know they went wrong and they won’t admit it.”

He thanked Maria Giulietti of Ontario NDP leader Andrea Horwath’s office for showing up and reading a statement from Ms. Horwath. Ms. Giulietti took notes during the meeting and promised to meet with Ms. Horwath then pass along the politician’s response. She was the only politician represented at the public meeting.

Memos from the Ministry of Environment and Hamilton Conservation Authority, in response to Mr. Zuliniak’s invitation, raised more questions than answers, and contradictions appear to show a lack of consultation between two groups that claim to be working together.

Bill Bardswick, director of the ministry’s Hamilton office, states in his memo the HCA “will lead the implementation” of a creek restoration plan. An email from HCA manager Steve Miazga stated, “We would note our role is one of monitoring.”

In the four-page MOE memo, Mr. Bardswick states three options were considered for remediating Spencer Creek, and the preferred option is “removing barriers and/or hardened channels in lower Spencer Creek.”

At Thursday’s public meeting, Luke Harding said: “They haven’t pointed out when they’re going to do it.”

He also questioned any claim by the Environment Ministry that the creek is back to normal if fish are not returning.

Kris Robinson, a Dundas resident and member of Environment Hamilton’s Biedermann Fire Working Group, wondered why option two wasn’t chosen. That option was to “prevent storm water from the industrial area where Biedermann is sited from entering the creek.” But, according to Mr. Bardswick’s memo, the MOE won’t pursue that because “it does not do anything to meet the objective of restoring the aquatic community.”

Patrick Rowan noted the MOE’s memo states ministry staff is apparently working with Biedermann on contingency plans.

“But what if it happens again tonight, what if it happens tomorrow?” Mr. Rowan said. “It’s great Biedermann is working on a plan, but in the meantime what do we do?”

He asked if pesticide manufacturing is an appropriate business to have in a community if the fire service has no plan for evacuation or emergency response, and both provincial and municipal governments have passed legislation banning certain pesticides and limiting their sale and use.

Mr. Rowan and others at the public meeting wondered why the ministry and the fire service refuse to release information about the chemicals and pesticides stored at Biedermann Packaging. And several people asked why the ministry is taking so long to release its report and conclusions with any possible charges. The ministry’s self imposed two-year deadline passes in one month.

This was written by

By Craig Campbell, News Staff Waterloo Cronicle

More to come on  The Spencer Creek Issue with Observations, Interviews and Photos  of  “The Beast”  This will be on ongoing investigation

Photography

Doug Worrall

Water Force and Motion in Lake Ontario

Water Force and Motion in Lake Ontario

Friday August 13th 2010

Force and Motion.  Water has mass,  moving water has velocity, and currents therefore create  momentum.  The circulation of water in the Great Lakes involves surface and subsurface currents, with a seasonal cycle of vertical circulation superimposed.
Lake Ontario is one of the best characterized in the Great Lakes, from a physical limnological point of view.  The water basin is almost like the idealized basis drawn in textbooks.  This results in rapid response of currents and water temperature to wind.  In fact, westerly winds of Summer produce a thick Epilmnion (range of temperature for the top 20 feet of water) in the south-eastern end of the lake and an exceedingly thin non-existent Epilmnion in the west-end (Hamilton Harbour).
The Great Lakes have been defined as a “softwater” nature, their seasonal cycles of turnover,  lake levels,  precipitation, and their short period  seiches (a wave that has repetitive variation in lakes for a few minutes to a few hours).  To indicate breakdown in the Water Budget components statistical data emphasizes Lake Ontario’s precipitation falling directly into the lake is approximately equal to evaporation from the lake surface. The Weather Ships Observation Logs of the Canadian Dept. of Transport have also analyzed lake and land winds for Lake Ontario.

Weather Ships
Water circulation of the Great Lakes involves horizontal surface water. currents, and vertical water movements. The three types of movement are related temporarily and spatially, and they have various degrees of co-existence.  The Horizontal Surface Currents Circulation in the Spring and Summer period of stratification are controlled by (1) the winds, (2) the flow through of drainage from the watershed.  Lake Ontario usually is the first of the Great Lakes to reach maximum elevation and minimum elevation due to climate and its position in the drainage system.  Other factors include, (3) the rotation of the earth (Coriolis force) and the rotation of the earth is constant.  The final factor (4) is local topographic and/or hydrodynamic influences.
Water current patterns in deep basins apparently involve  energy increments from winds of the preceding 10 – 12 days, with the increments decreasing exponentially with increasing time prior to the observation day.  Lake Ontario is a relatively smooth trough but it is asymmetrical with the axis of its deepest position lying south of the mid-line.  It is also an  open-lake system.  The Institute of Science and Technology, Great Lakes Division at the University of Michigan examined open-lake water surface currents.  These surface currents many have (1) geostrophic relationship to the density field, or (2) a secondary relationship in which boundaries or wind set-up play a part. In an open-lake situation surface currents exhibit the following characteristics:
  • Primary relationship to the causative winds is characterized by redistribution of the field of  density in such manner that less dense water lies on the right side of the current (Northern Hemisphere), and, the current moves in a direction of 30 to 45 degrees to the right of the wind movement.
  • Secondary relationship involves a physical or hydrodynamic barrier against which initial currents moving to the right of the wind can pile up and produce a slope upon which secondary currents move, with the less dense water of the slope on their right, in a direction which the barrier imposes on the long axis of the slope.  Shores are common physical barriers; windless areas or other  currents are  common hydrodynamic barriers.
The Great Lakes exhibit a modified seasonal turnover cycle; wind mixing establishes turnover at the end of the Autumn cooling period and maintains it throughout the Winter until the Spring warming period is established.  This wind mixing was indicated in a 2,000 study by the Aquatic Ecosystems Science section of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Their emphasis was water temperature.  They stated ” Temperature is one of the most important factors driving the reproduction growth and development of aquatic organisms.  Therefore,  the ability to predict thermal patterns is essential for modelling aquatic habitats.”

Evaporation

In Lake Ontario there is a TENSE highly competitive pressures claiming more water for various uses : domestic, industry, power, agriculture, navigation, recreation, and Fish and Wildlife. At the same time far too much water is made useless by POLLUTION !

Pollution
Need for clean water

By Jacqueline Hope you enjoy the information and the Pictures “Happy Friday The 13th”