Tag Archives: Rainbow trout

The Plan for Hamilton’s Randle Reef clean-up

Ecosystems and Randle Reef Hamilton Harbour

Saturday December 22 2012

Has Nature began its run for life

Put coal tar ‘in a big steel box

McMaster engineering professor says ‘a lot of thought has gone into it’

Hamilton Harbourtime too clean
Hamilton Harbour
time too clean

The notion of putting a lid on a mass of coal tar contamination may sound odd, but it’s actually a common method for remediating these situations, says the project manager of Randle Reef.

Jonathan Gee, manager of the Great Lakes Areas of Concern division of Environment Canada, said the plan to encase the worst part of the contamination in steel has worked in numerous other places. “Famous last words” Over two years back, we did a story about Randle Reef here at pics4twitts. The disgusting coal tar is Canada’s Big Dirty secret.

Hamilton’s Randle Reef has been so polluted It is the largest “known” deposit of Coal Tar by man anywhere in the world.

Hamilton Harbour-our home
Hamilton Harbour-our home
Randle Reef is a shallow area  in Hamilton Harbour, on Lake Ontario near U.S. Steel’s Hamilton Works that is heavily contaminated with TOXIC COAL – TAR.   I can remember working at Burlington and Wentworth Streets, and in the 1970s Stelco and Dofasco were dumping right into the Harbour, they were heavily fined and then entered large Environmental Clean-Up Projects with their steel industries.
Randle reef to be cleaned
Randle reef to be cleaned
Part of the Great Lakes shorelines being degraded is due to sediment and contaminent imputs.  A range of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) include PCBs and PAHs.  The polyaromatic (or polyclclic) aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are chemical compounds that consist of fused aromatic rings that do not contain heteroatoms or carry substituents.  PAHs occur in oil, coal and tar deposits and are produced as byproducts of fuel burning whether fossil fuel or biomass.  As a pollutant, PAHs, are a concern because some compounds have been identified as carcinogenic  (as Randel Reef).  PAHs are lipopilic – meaning they mix easily with oil rather than water. The larger  PAH compounds are less water-soluble and less volatile (i.e., less prone to evaporate).  Due to these properties PAHs in the Environment are found primarily in soil, sediment and oily substances, as opposed to in water or air. However, PAHs are also a component of concern in particle matter suspended in the air.  PAHs are one of the most widespread organic pollutants.  So, consider living along this area of Burlington Street in Hamilton where some families have lived for many years,  and the effects of PAHs  to aquatic and human health.
PAHs is not a new issue to researchers or to The Hamilton Port Authority, as this has been evident for at least 10 years !  For example a 2,000 study by Queen’s University addressed the risk to fish using bioavalability as the risk factor of fish and Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments.  It is the sediments in Hamilton Harbour that contribute to it being on the International Join Commission’s list of Great Lakes toxic hot spots. Are you comfortable with that situation ?  I am not !  We have a magnificent Lake Ontario Harbourfront that would be the envy of many areas around the world – so if everyone did a little bit to help out as “Hamiltonian’s” it could go a long way to clean up sediment issues in Hamilton Harbour, including toxins like PAHs.  One group to contact is the Bay Area Restoration Council (BARC) for further information.
will fish rebound
will fish rebound
The Queen’s University study in 2,000  found “there are protocols available for testing the acute toxicity of sediment – borne compounds to aquatic invertebrates and fish, but there are non for assessing bioavailability to fish.”  This study found sediment – borne crude oil, coal – tar, or pure  PAH caused an increase of MFO activity to TROUT FINGERLINGS exposed in a four-day bio-essay.  Think about TROUT –  because the health of a lake is determined by HEALTHY TROUT.  These researchers were aware that the trout took both organic and inorganic sediments.  So, their testing included (1) area vs volume of sediment,; (2) sediment characteristics (organic vs silt vs clay vs sand; (3) mixing and aging of spiked sediment; (4) freezing vs cold – storage of natural and spiked sediment; and, (5) establishment of gradients through sediment dilution vs sediment volume.  Their findings were “induction varies with the amount of contaminated sediment in a tank in a repeatable way.  The operational word is “repeatable” –  it will happen over and over again. Now from this study’s findings, look at Trout in Hamilton Harbour, do they swim the Harbour and oops…skip Randle Reef…hardly !  Therefore, due to Randel Reef being the second most contaminated sediment site with PAHs in Canada – all Hamiltonians including parents, and , schoolteachers training our young people’s minds  should be concerned and develop scientific projects to assist the fish and other aquatic life at Randel Reef in Hamilton Harbour so they will not swim to other areas of the Harbour and spread PAHs.
Hamilton’s own, McMaster University Department of Chemistry and Biology in a 2,000 study addressed the coal – tar contaminents in Hamilton Harbour. Their sediment sample came from Hamilton Harbour and a major contributory.  Their chemical findings were, as follows: “bioassays using a TA 100-type strain (YG 1025) were prerformed to assess genotoxicity arising from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).  Fractions exhibiting mutagenic activity contained PAH with molecular masses  =  THESE FRACTIONS CONTAINED OVER 80% OF THE GENOTOXICITY ATTRIBUTABLE TO PAH.”  That is statistically (mathematically) significant to scientific research !  They concluded ” Suspended sediments collected near areas known to contain high level of coal – tar contamination [ Randal Reef ???? ] in bottom sediments contained HIGHER LEVELS OF GENOTOXIC PAHs  than suspended sediments collected from other areas of the Harbour.   Okay, come on public, high school teachers, get the questions on the blackboard or on the laptops – Why ? and, Why Not !  Why do the bottom sediments  contain higher levels of genotoxic PAH ?  What do the coal – tar contamination contribute to PAH ?  How does this contamination affect aquatic life and the aquatic food webs in Hamilon Harbour ?  How does this highly toxic PAHS affect humans living in the Randle Reef area along Burlington Street in Hamilton ?   What further research has been developed on PAHs ?   Then develop a morning  field trip to Hamilton Port Authority and follow- up with an afternoon  section to the field trip to Hamilton Harbour with a scientist ( PhD candidate)  from McMaster University to show sediments to young students. Then have a “community appreciation night at your local school and show results of the field study to parents, local officials and the general public.”   The more we give our young Hamiltonian’s  knowledge, the more likely some of them will become scientists and discover unrevealed answers about our beautiful Hamilton Harbour.
The Beuaty of Nature
The Beuaty of Nature
All the best with the clean -up
from DW Photography
original story by
Doug Worrall Photographer




Friday August 10 2012

“only trace amounts of rain expected 40% chance” you will not melt

Be aware of developing Thunder/Lighting Clouds/Wind and take cover- safely

Happy fisherman

One great delight is to see a child catch his or her first fish.The achievement an fascination in there eyes is worth there weight in Gold. Prizes will be rewarded to the three biggest {weighed} fish, for each species, so this includes Carp. Weights can reach very high for these large fish.

Big Carp

The Hamilton Harbour watershed covers an area of approximately 500 square kilometres at the western edge of Lake Ontario and is a region of great physiographic diversity as a result of extensive glacial and glaciofluvial processes. The watershed can be divided into four subwatersheds which drain into Hamilton Harbour and include Spencer Creek, Grindstone Creek, North Shore and Redhill Creek subwatersheds. The watershed supports diverse fish communities and offers unique aquatic habitats to both migratory and resident fish species. The Niagara Escarpment represents the region’s most prominent geological feature with its limestone and dolomite ridge bisecting the watershed as it extends from the Niagara River to Tobermory on the Bruce Peninsula.

Rainbow trout


Myself will be looking for the Wolf of the Lake (The Pike )

Bob’s Pike


Children and wildlife

The wetlands function as a seasonal fish nursery for Lake Ontario, and despite the historical degradation, most historical species of fish can still be found using Cootes Paradise and in increasing numbers. As with birds and plants the location is the biodiversity hotspot for Canada with over 60 species present. Each spring thousands of spawning fish migrate in through the fishway from the harbour and lake, laying eggs and leaving shortly after, allowing the marsh to function as a giant fish hatchery.


Annually between 5 and 20 million fish are produced for the lake depending on water levels and water pollution events. The species present reflect the degraded marsh habitat with the most common the Gizzard shad.

Rbg Fish-way escapee

Also common are night time predators species Channel Catfish and Brown Bullhead, along with invasive species such as Alewife and White Perch. Popular angling species present in limited numbers include pike, Largemouth Bass, and Yellow Perch, but the large adults are only present in the marsh during the spawning season which is closed to fishing. The spring and fall season also brings several migrating salmon and trout to the marshes main inflowing river.

Rainbow trout
Jerry’s catch

In 2007, when there was low water level in Lake Ontario and a favourable wind, all the water was pushed out of Cootes Paradise and the remaining carp swam out into Hamilton Harbour. RBG staff removed the fish gates and herded out the last of the carp, and then replaced the gates. Since then the Paradise has been relatively carp free. In the absence of these large destructive bottom feeders there is a gradual return natural native plant species populations.

Now in 2012 Cootes Paradise is threatened once again by increasing numbers of Carp and Goby fish. Goby fish is a feral species that destroys our environment.

I have images of the Goby fish so if you catch one, “Dont throw it back in water, and especially donnot use as bait . Put the fish in the garbage to save our Great lakes …..please.The Goby grow too two and a half inches long, a very destructive, invasive species are  from  illegal Ballast water dumping by Ocean Craft . Remember the Zebra Mussels?

Goby Fish two inches long

and Thanking  you in advance

Doug Worrall

Rainbow trout

Event is Date below:

The Hamilton Harbour Fishing Derby takes place this Saturday, August 11th from 8am to 12pm.  Prizes to be awarded at 1:30pm – – – THIS IS A FREE EVENT FOR ALL AGES!

Company-lets go fishing

Pier 8

47 Discovery Drive

Hamilton, ON

Check in Stations:

While you are out fishing, take your camera, you may see some wonderful animals……………………

The Fishway-Black crowned night heron

Pier 8 – Scoops Ice Cream Hut
HWT Centre – North Side
Bayfront Park Boat Launch
Fishway on Waterfront Trail
LaSalle Park Boat Launch
Marine Police Basin

3 age categories:

Child 10 and under
Youth 11 to 17
Adult 18 and over

Fishing, Environment and
Water Safety Demonstrations


1000 Free Fishing Rods for Children 12 and under

Silent Auction Fundraiser
9:00am to 1:30pm
Pier 8 – Hamilton Waterfront Trust

Harbourfront park


Information: Hamilton Waterfront Trust, Wikipedia




Doug Worrall

Rainbow Trout Fishing Hamilton Ontario

Rainbow Trout Fishing Hamilton

Wednesday October 20 2010

Arive at fishing spot 7AM

Rainbow trout fishing Ontario can be an exhilarating experience. This beautiful fish has a reputation of not only being a superb fighter, but also makes a great meal.

It is not uncommon to hear anglers yell with joy after landing one of these freshwater predators. If you’ve caught one you’ll know why! The rainbow is well known for its acrobatic jumps and long runs as they challenge even the best of anglers.

Fisherman have success rainbow trout fishing in Ontario by using a wide variety of lures. Spinners, bait and spoons and especially Roe bags are very popular. But folks who have caught the rainbow on a fly rod swear it is the only way to go!

Strategies for rainbow trout fishing Canada vary as the seasons change. The fish have assorted tendencies month to month and this can make it a challenge on anglers. Rainbows are often caught frequenting the shallows in the spring. June and July rainbows are commonly nailed on a fly rod. And fishing for rainbow in the fall  October, November and the winter months are often done with small lures and Roe Bags in Hamilton Harbour.

The rainbow trout can be found across all of North America. It is a hardy species that is easily transported. In fact, you can now find rainbow trout in as far off places as New Zealand! Those that know however will tell you that rainbow trout fishing Canada is second to none. Especially if you are looking for a spirited fight!

Rainbow trout have distinct markings and are one of the nicest fish you will ever see. They have a red stripe down both sides of their body that runs from the gill plates to the tail. The fish is also covered in black spots that typically cover the dorsal of their body. Fresh out of the water, you will agree this fish is striking.

Striking fish

The rainbow trout is a very strong fish. It has an amazing acceleration rate and can sustain a high speed for a number of seconds. It is not uncommon for a rainbow to un-spool a reel of fishing line within a minute after hooking it.

The fish has a very good sense of smell. In fact if you compare it to the human, the rainbow trout has a sense of smell 400 times more sensitive. They use this strongly adapted sense to help identify prey, structure and spawning locations.

The rainbow trout also has an uncanny ability to sense movement in the water. The fish can even pick up the miniature movements of a fly from a distance. Using a lure that has a pronounced wiggle or rattle to it has often yielded large fish. Spinners of all sizes frequently translate into success while rainbow trout fishing Ontario.

The rainbow has eating habits that are sometimes hard to figure. You will notice at times that it can be hard to get their interest. Other times rainbow seem to gorge themselves on anything you throw at them. The good news is success can be had rainbow trout fishing in virtually any season!

The rainbow prefers water that is open and fast moving but is at home in both lakes and rivers. The fish frequent waters between zero and twenty five degrees Celsius, with the ideal temperature in lakes at about 18 degrees. They can also be found at a variety of depths depending on the oxygen levels in the lake.

The rainbow trout begin to spawn when they reach about 15 inches in length. Quite often they are about three years old when they reach sexual maturity. The trout seek out shallow gravel bottoms or a clear stream as their primary spawning locations. The spawn generally occurs from early April through to the end of June but some rainbow may spawn in the fall.

The rainbow trout is terrific game fish. Like any other species you may be fishing for, make sure you check out the hot locations and strategies of the region. Talk to the outfitter or your fellow angler to see what has been successful from the size of hooks, colour of  the Roe  to the size of the lures. You just may land your trophy.

Rainbow trout fishing Ontario has something for every angler. Whether in a lake or a stream, these fish can be had. Make sure you are outfitted with the right tackle and gear to ensure success on the water.

And when the snow comes to Hamilton get down to the Waterfront and Cootes Paradise for the Beauty and fishing. Hope you enjoy the pictures and information.

Information Wikipedia

Doug Worrall Photography