This weekend a great Friend and myself, visited a Cemetery in London Ontario, We were able to count at least 40 Bucks, does and fawns, all in the same area.As you View the images, note the distended stomachs, the ribs showing under the fur and the wounds due to lack of variety of foods, and there increasing numbers as we as Humans encroach on there territory.
Enjoy the information, Deer should not eat grass, its to tough, but these whitetails were munching away for many hours as Humans we must Move UP instead of OUT Higher apartments
and if we do keep moving OUT into there territory, leave them be, go inside, safekeep your dogs, cats., close all doors, keep Garbage out of there way to stop them from returning, remember you encroached into there backyard, not vis versa, so LIVE with them peacefully.
Thank you, this writer and most Humans would agree…………
Whitetails (Odocoileus virginiansis ) have been around a long time. The species is 3½ million years old, and they are such awesomely successful survivors that they have not changed over these millions of years. They did not change because they are so well designed they did not need to.
While whitetail ancesters are not as ancient as the ancestors of other deer ( Muntjac ancestors arose in the middle of the Miocene Epoch [22–42 million years ago], while the whitetail ancestors came along in the late Pleiocene [3.4–5.2 million years ago] .) But whitetails are the oldest living deer species.
The strength of the whitetail is its flexibility; they are ecological generalists, or opportunists. This means that, as a group, they can get by in all sorts of environments, different climates and temperatures; they can eat a huge variety of foods…they have been documented eating fish, dead birds and insects! Their flexibility allows them to coexist with human development; they are frequenters of farm crops and back yards, and can also be serious pests, not only agriculturally, but on the road causing car accidents and human deaths as well.
There are 37 subspecies of whitetail in North and South America (This does not include the mule deer and blacktailed deer which belong to a separate species), but DNA testing is showing that many of the deer now listed as subspecies are actually just locally adapted versions of the near-perfect original.
Whitetail like to live in the woods, dry or swampy, and the borders of woods. And whitetail love water. They are excellent swimmers, and will swim safely out to sea to a distance of five miles! The typical whitetail, restricted to open grass plains, would not survive.
Although, to everything there are exceptions, and whitetails for example who are facing deep, obstructing snow that slows their escape, or even traps them in place, will then yard on flat, windblown prairies. They are choosing the less dangerous of two very dangerous options. Their normal way of escaping predators cannot be used in open country. When yarded up in winter the herd is preyed upon by predators, and it is mostly the young, the old and the sick on the outer edges that are the ones attacked. Hoofed animals that live out in the open, such as elk, are usually distance runners, and if they can run faster than their predators and outlast their predators, who for the most part are also good runners, they get to live another day.
A whitetail in the open though is a sitting duck for a pack of wolves, coyotes or dogs who are committed to the chase. As a group, whitetails are hiders, dodgers and sprinters, not distance runners, who like to out run and put obstacles between themselves and the predator.
The whitetail deer’s first concern is safety, so their environment must have what they need to allow them to maximize their best protection strategies. The doe with fawns is more intensely safety conscious than the buck, and a buck in rut can actually get quite stupid and forgo safety for the chance to breed. But, if the food is great, but safety is not, deer generally will shun that location in favor of a more secure place.
Individual whitetails are extremely loyal to their own territory, although they will leave it for up to several days if they are being hunted there, and they will leave it permanently if it becomes unsafe. In these cases their loyalty to their deeply ingrained anti-predator instincts win out over their attachment to the home territory. However, there are stories of whitetails that have starved rather than leave a barren home territory, in this case their attachment to their home keeps them on a doomed path to starvation.
If their habitat is invaded by competitors, like exotic deer, the whitetails compete poorly. Whitetail deer in Maryland were being pushed out by the oriental sika deer until conservation management helped them out. Overall, a specialist will out compete a generalist in an established area, but while the specialist may win the battle, the flexibility of the generalist, over the long run, lets them win the war.
The whitetail dietary flexibility stops at grass. They did not develop into grazers like some of the other deer species. They did not develop the special teeth or stomachs that can efficiently grind up and digest the tough fibers in grasses (like the horses and bovines did for example). The types of deer that do graze (like the axis deer) prefer to follow behind the coarse grass grazers so they can eat the new-sprouting, more tender shoots that spring up after the first “mowing”.
Whitetail, like all deer, have incisor teeth (the cutting teeth in front) on only the bottom jaw, and a cartilage pad on the front of the upper jaw (They have molars on both upper and lower jaws.) This tooth pattern causes them to pull out the grass rather than to cut it like the specialized grazers do. The tender base of the grass is low in fiber, more nutritious and more digestible. So while whitetail can digest some of the grasses’ most tender shoots, overall they would not thrive on grass alone.
When deer eat they are feeding themselves, but they are also feeding their gut microorganisms. Deer digestion is 100% dependent on them. They help break down the food, and without them the deer cannot digest. Deer are ruminants, meaning that they bring their food back up to chew it again. If a deer, or any ruminant, starves to the point of also starving off the good microorganisms, in order to survive, the deer will need to get not just food, but needs to get replacement gut flora too. Even with all the food a deer could want, it would starve to death if the gut flora is not replaced.
For their special type of digestion deer have stomachs with four sections, all in a row. The first section, the rumen, is where the food goes first after it has been chewed and swallowed. It can hold over two gallons, and this lets the deer bolt down a large amount of food if necessary so that it can quickly leave an area to return to safety. It is in the rumen that food is held to be brought up into its mouth later for rechewing, this is rumination or “chewing its cud”. The food is then ready to go to the second section of stomach, the reticulum. The real digestion takes place in the third section, the omasum. The last section of stomach is called the abomasum, and here the food is pelleted and routed for exit.
Whitetails are exquisite in their grace and beauty, and under special conditions, where their nature and needs are understood, they can be tamed and kept as pets. It is definitely not a commitment to be taken lightly though. Whitetail deer live 20 years or more in captivity, and have many special needs…not only to be comfortable, but to simply survive.
It is important to realize that deer are prey animals, while dogs and cats for example are predators. Deer are more like birds and horses who make their way in the world by being constantly alert and ready to take flight at the least whiff of danger. A prey animal will only turn to fight a predator as a last and most unwelcome choice. The prey animals that live the longest are the ones with the keenest senses, reflexes, wariness, brains and physical fitness. Its flight response though is what powers the frightened deer that will, in blind terror, hurl itself into a solid object, off a precipice, into fencing or other damaging situation, and kill or injure itself.
A pet deer will, bit by bit, relinquish its profoundly wild instincts as it is tamed. An animal that is imprinted (using the word loosely) on humans will allow a person into its most intimate, personal space, and will allow very familiar physical contact. An animal that is merely hand-tame will allow closeness usually only to accept food or limited petting, and it would bolt off in a panic if you, for example, tried to hug it. Many wild animals’ personal spaces shrink with familiarity. They might know that a particular dog never behaves in a predatory way, and so pay little attention to it, even allowing it into it’s familiar personal space. A tolerant, pen raised deer might accept a distance of, say, 20 feet between itself and its caretaker, but have a stranger come along with the caretaker and the deer will blast off in a panic. Or, if the familiar person tries to close that 20 feet to 15 feet, the deer’s flight response will kick in with full force. Finally, a completely wild animal will have its natural, unadulterated “flight distance”. Just as humans have their own personal space that, if intruded upon, will make them feel crowded and alarmed, other species as well have their own typical distance that, if trespassed upon, will trigger flight. For the whitetail this distance is 200 feet, while for the pronghorn for example it is 500 feet.
Tame bucks though, because they are tame, can be killers. In the wild a buck has an intense need to preserve its own flight distance, and would not think of coming close to a human, and that is exactly what protects us. Once that need for distance is gone, the aggressive, rutting buck (even more so if a person happens to come between the buck and a doe he is courting) has no sense of needing to preserve its space, and that is when he becomes seriously dangerous.
Architectural Photography Built Environment Hamilton
Saturday April 9 2011
Hello, As site coordinator, All shots are recent, and some images from the following article may not be present. Some shots are HDR and most are from the Raw format.Enjoy the article and my newest images
Architecture is the ART and inspirational ideas from designers in the technology captured in the lens of a camera. Architecture is the ART we live in and Urban Design shapes our cities, as Winston Churchill said: “we shape our buildings and thereafter they shape us.” Today, architecture in the modernist design is more than copying shapes, but, rather functionality is the key element. Interestingly, there is also the European Centre for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies. Julius Shulman gives many interesting facts in his book entitled – The Photography of Architecture and Design. What you aim to capture in architectural photography is a magazine-quality photograph. Of all the architectural design values the NATURE and organic design applies quite well because the design value is based on nature – all sorts of living organisms. The basis of this design value provides inspiration, functional clues and aesthetics. SIMPLICITY (minimalist) is a closely related to the design value of Nature. Simplicity design value highlights TRUE (REAL) ART FORM and folk wisdom; light, shadow; colour and line. The VENECULAR design value emphasizes a simple life and its design value closely relates to Nature as it emulates the simple life being superior to modernity. In architectural photography with a camera lens your focus is to capture art in the buildings environment – light, shadow, color, and line . This environment gives the photograph simplicity of the image which emplifies several of these elements of architectural design values. The magic hour to photograph architecture can be about fifteen minutes before sunset when the ambient light inside a building matches the intensity of the evening sky. Or, locally at the CIBC Commerce Building at King and James Sts., Hamilton at mid-to-late afternoon can capture shadows and clouds floating in a mirror-image fashion into this glass structure. And at Dundurn Castle capturing the evening sunset or morning sunrise with the Lake in the backgrond can make the Castle glow using various light settings and filters. Then there is the new Downtown Library cloaked in eye-popping-state of the art glass facade with programmable coloured LED light built into it. Inside, the new library has spaces for WI-FI laptop use, reading areas with modular furniture and bright lights illuminating it against a colour palate of white and grey. A San Diego symposium speaker said : ” the modern library should look in design like an iPad; mirror the way customers will use it.” The architect, David Premi’s interest “is in how the built environment can help facilitate growth and interaction in the community…Hopefuly this wil have an impact on downtown renewal as well.” Hamilton has a professional history of architects designing buildings, such as, (1) James Belfour architect for Canadian Life Assurance Co., King and James (1883) and Hamilton’s Old City Hall (1888),; (2) John M. Lyle architect for New York Public Library (1897), the Royal Alexandra Theatre in Toronto (1907), Union Station in Toronto (1914-1921); and (3) Bruce Kuwabara architect for the Art Gallery Of Ontario Phase 111, and Kitchener City Hall.
In multidimensional photographic applications digital-image processing and computer vision usually require specific integrated circuits and/or multiprocessor systems. Wavelet-based algorithms have been found promising among these applications due to the features of hierarchical signal analysis and multidimensional analysis. Because of the large size multidimensional imput data, off-chip random access memory (RAM) based system, have been necessary in algorithms in these applications. Here, either memory address pointers of data pre-processing and rearrangements in off-chip memories are employed. Photographing architecture in black-and-white (B&W) gives the image a more dramatic effect especially when it depends on the light and shadows to show details in the image. Unlike colour photography, B&W photography has a special impact on the viewer’s eye giving a dramatic effect compared to colour photos. Colour photography uses different colours to show the image, B&W photography abstracts the image to use only one colour. It is better to take photographs in colour and convert it to B&W, using your favourite image editing tools. This gives you the ability to control the B&W in the image as well with more control at all levels, brightness and contrast.
Locally beautiful architectural photography opportunities abound in the Hamilton Region. The fist stop would be Hamilton’s new Library, followed by, Dundurn Castle which has historical significance being Sir Allan McNab’s residence. In Dundas along South Street are many old homes. And, at 42 Osler Drive in Dundas is a historic century home built in 1827 which rests on a ravine overlooking Dundas and the escarpment photographs beautifully with all the greenery in its landscape. In Hamilton a drive along Aberdeen Avenue gives many architectural photography opportunities. As you climb up the Queen Street hill from Aberdeen there are several architectural opportunities and lots of wooded escarpment areas to photograph.
Globally there are some amazing mind-boggling architectural buildings including : Australia’s Sydney Harbour with its Arts Complex; The Great Bayan Sergey Skashkor (Russia); and the designs available for the future World Trade Centre in New York City. In a Wall Street Journal article, Glenn D. Lowry, director of the National Museum of Modern Art was quoted saying: “I think Integral House in Toronto’s Rosedale area is one of the most important private houses built in North America, in a long time.” Architecture Design Magazine has Integral House on Toronto’s tours. Integral House is owned by Dr. James Stewart, a Mathematics professor at McMaster University who made millions writing calculus textbooks, and interestingly, he was concertmaster violinist with the Hamilton Symphony Orchestra and violinist in Hamilton Philharmonic. In Canada 90% and in the U.S. 70% of University students use his math books that are translated into 12 languages, published by Thomson Learning Group. In 2,003 the James Stewart Math Centre at McMaster University was named after him. It is interesting that some of the money he earned from textbooks Dr. James Stewart renovated houses first in Hamilton and then in Toronto. Dr. James Stewart bought a home on this land in 2,002 and in 2,003 tore it down to build Integral House. Yes, Integral House is an architectural photographer’s dream to do a photo shoot ! Dr. James Stewart spent $30 million on this home and he interviewed architects around the world before giving the project to two young unknown architects – Brigette Shim and Howard Sutcliff. In this architectural project Dr. James Stewart gave the following expectations: to create his residence in a ravine in the Toronto neighbourhood of Rosedale: to make it 18,000 square feet; to design multitudes of seductive curves ,to use massive amounts of floor to ceiling glass, and build a spectacular glass staircase. He also wanted a private concert hall with lots of curves to seat 150 persons for concerts and costume balls. This was excluding a parina, a classical semi-Scandinavian simplicity that makes the house seem older, and more established than a new house. The staircase includes hand-blown blue glass with rectangle shapes (geometry) that these architects designed.giving a sense of dynatism as if the building were in motion, rolling along ever so slowly or perhaps coming to stillness after a long architectural journey. Only the first two floors are visible at street level, and the focus from inside Integral House is the trees outside in the ravine. The challenge of the architectural photographer, then, would be not only to capture the many features of this house, but to emulate in the photographs this sense of dynatism giving the viewer to say – Ah, look at that ! That shows you have created images that illuminate both the design and the stylized space that promote the photographed images in a successful light. Now, looking around Hamilton Region there are many spectacular architectural photography opportunities in Urban Design awaiting your camera lens. So, on the next sunny day, head out with camera, tripod and extra batteries for an exhilarating experience in architectural photography.
Sources: The Toronto Star, The Photography of Architecture and Design, The Wall Street Journal; Gallerie Spring 2,011, Hamilton Spectator