Tag Archives: Trumpeter Swan

Success stories for Cootes Paradise

Success stories for Cootes Paradise-Lake Onatrio

Monday December 12 2011

Gosling shaking-it- all- about

“Nearly 60 per cent of original wetlands have been destroyed on the Canadian side of Lake Ontario, even more between Toronto and the Niagara River. In some parts of southwestern Ontario, the loss has reached 90 per cent, one of the highest rates in the world.”

As Site Coordinator after two years of documenting changes within our wetlands and Lake Ontario,  my outcome leaves me with little Optimism, but mostly first hand knowledge of negative consequences from Pollution from high and low waters. Raw affluence still engorges Cootes Paradise leaving animals coated in an oily substance. The usually white mute swans are a dirty green for two months of the last year 2011. Yet compared to 20 years ago many gains have been made.What happens in Lake Ontario directly affects our wetlands.

The Next post will be on the oiling of Mute swan eggs and the probable lack of Signets next year unless wild ones can mate and not have there eggs tampered with.

Doug Worrall

 

Walleye, sharp-toothed, gold and olive in colour, appear to be back in Lake Ontario, after decades of very low number. Lilies grow in wetlands that were once sodden mud flats. Shimmering fish sparkle beneath the water’s surface, tiny glimmers of hope that Lake Ontario can be renewed and return to full health again.They are signs that the fish, wildlife and birds that were extirpated — locally extinct — can return to make their home in and near the lake’s waters.The losses have been extreme. Nearly 60 per cent of original wetlands have been destroyed on the Canadian side of Lake Ontario, even more between Toronto and the Niagara River. In some parts of southwestern Ontario, the loss has reached 90 per cent, one of the highest rates in the world.

Sunrise 5-30 May 21

 

Invasive species continue to threaten the biodiversity of the lake. They include the zebra mussel and the parasitic sea lamprey, which attaches itself to fish with its sucker mouth.Still, there are pockets of improvement. “The sheer number of waterfowl that rest on the lake during migratory period are more than anyone would believe, well over a million,” says ecologist Tys Theysmeyer. “It does remind you it is a great lake.”“Think back to the days when Lake Ontario and Lake Erie were being written off and polluted and unhealthy,” biologist Marion Daniels says of the 1960s and 1970s. Those would be the days when algae bloomed, when dead smelt littered the shoreline, when foam bubbled grey and noxious.“That’s been reversed in a lot of different ways.“We have to take care of the little things. If we’re successful in taking care of the little things, little things become big improvements.”Here are some recent ecological success stories in and around Lake Ontario.

Sunrise Lake Ontario
Hamilton Harbour

Marshland miracles

The common carp, a half million pounds of sucker-mouthed, whiskered, heavy-scaled bottom feeders, had overtaken Cootes Paradise, part of the Royal Botanical Gardens between Hamilton and Burlington. It looked like a mud flat. Carp, introduced in the late 19th century as a replacement for salmon, sucked up sediment, rototilled plant life and left the water, polluted by runoff from agricultural land use and urban sewage, a murky mess. In one of North America’s largest wetland rehabilitation projects, which included a fishway to keep out the carp, it has become a true marshland paradise with waving cattails, pelicans (during spring migration), mink, muskrat, perch, sunfish and pike. Fifty native plants once at risk have returned. Most delightful: yellow water lilies and wild rice.

Canoeing Cootes Paradise
As seen above so is below

Marshlands: Bogs, swamps and shallow water — like the South Pasture Swamp at the Royal Botanical Gardens — are threatened by agricultural, industrial and urban development. In the past, wetlands were considered breeding grounds for mosquitoes that should be drained or paved. But they are to be treasured. They brim with more life than any other ecosystem — 200 species of birds and 50 species of mammals are dependent on wetlands, which are often sanctuaries for endangered species.

Think of all life while viewing this image
Raw Sewage Our Wetlands

Wetlands: Black-crowned night herons — these are at Cootes Paradise — are wetland-loving birds that rest communally by day and fish by night. They are one of the 300 species of birds found at the Royal Botanical Gardens.

Night Heron

Return of the native

The water is cold and fast-running, the gravel clean in Duffins Creek, which spills into Lake Ontario at Ajax, creating a perfect nursery for Atlantic salmon. It’s one of four waterways — including the Credit River, the Humber River and Cobourg Brook — rehabilitated in the past six years to welcome the once-flourishing native species, which vanished at the end of the 19th century. Dams, deforestation, agricultural runoff had made the streams inhospitable. Add to that overfishing — there were reports of thousands being caught in single night. Now, trees are being planted on the banks to increase shade and lower water temperature, and fences are being erected to prevent livestock from polluting the stream and damaging spawning beds. Strains of salmon from Nova Scotia, Quebec and Maine have been hatched and released in Duffins Creek, some 800,000 so far. Scientists are watching to see which is the hardiest and are hoping for signs of wild reproduction.

Gosling May 13 2011
Small mouth Bass
Cob Mute swan June 2011

Atlantic salmon: Since 2006 some 2.5 million young Atlantic salmon have been released into creeks and rivers that empty into Lake Ontario, a collaborative effort by 50 environment-minded citizens, government and private companies. A native species — descended from saltwater fish that adapted to freshwater — Atlantic salmon were last seen in local streams in 1896.

Big birds

Trumpeter Swan

The big-winged birds have returned. Trumpeter swans, the largest of North American waterfowl, had not been seen in Ontario since the 19th century. They had been hunted to near extinction. Hundreds now overwinter in Burlington Bay thanks to the work of volunteers led by retired Ministry of Natural Resources biologist Harry Lumsden, who started a swan restoration program in 1982. Now the indigenous species with the memorable honk is self-sustaining. Another impressive bird, the bald eagle, hadn’t been seen near Lake Ontario in more than 50 years. Last fall, five were spotted at Cootes Paradise in the Royal Botanical Gardens, and one pair has made a nest there, the first on Lake Ontario in decades. There were hopes that the couple might reproduce this year, but it’s likely the male is too young to breed. Once threatened by DDT — they’d eat fish contaminated by the now-banned pesticide — they have an abundance of catfish and sunfish and lots of forested real estate where they can thrive.

Trumpeter swan: the black-billed birds (different from the orange-billed mute swans) were wiped out in Ontario until restoration efforts in the 1980s. There are now about 700 Ontario trumpeters, a population that is growing but still considered fragile.

Bald eagle: Once close to extinction, the bird with the 2.4-metre wingspan has finally returned to Lake Ontario, including Hamilton. Bald eagles need a generous amount of marsh space, 30 hectares or more, and a mature forest in which to nest.

Trails Cootes Paradise

Tiny, sparkly wonders

“It’s not super sexy,” says Gord MacPherson, “but the minnows are back.” Decades ago, the emerald shiner had fallen victim to a lake awash in detergent, fertilizer and sewage. The five-centimetre-long, iridescent fish had been displaced by alewife and smelt — you may have seen the latter washed up on the shore, says MacPherson, manager of habitat restoration for the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority. The shiners’ return signals a new balance in a clearer, cleaner lake. “On a nice summer day, when the lake is really calm, you can see bazillions of them. When I was a kid you couldn’t see them because of the algae.”

Wetland runoff foggy April 19

‘White bonfires’

Lake Ontario’s shifting, restless dunes, what the poet Al Purdy called “white bonfires in the sunlight,” are continually being restored. The world’s largest freshwater sand barrier is at Sandbanks Provincial Park, near Picton. The dunes are still recovering from 19th century disturbances, when local farmers sent their cows to graze on the dunes — the loss of vegetation led to widespread erosion. Entire trees could be lost beneath the blown sand. Rehabilitation efforts include planting trees — 50,000 in the past five years — and marram grass, a native species. Fencing and walkways help reduce trampling and the impact of wandering visitors.

Signet and pen June 2011
Wild-flowers

Sources “The Spec, Google, Wikipedia

Doug Worrall Photographer


WHY SHOOT RAW Control The Interpretation Of The Image

WHY SHOOT RAW
To control the interpretation of the image yourself
Friday December 3 2010
The images below are shot in srbg jpeg and using the raw manipulator.They are not raw images, All images in 2011 the originals are Raw.All the images below I chose because they were of very poor quailty and needed adjustments, some were unaffective, I like to learn from mistakes, so never delete “in camera”  Enjoy the information in this article
Doug Worrall Photographer

All Gallery’s are shot and presented in the jpeg format sRGB for best resolution on a screen Will be interesting to see the next Gallery all RAW and just RBG in 2011

Before retouching

After retouching


The answer to the above question is, simply, control over the interpretation of the image. When you shoot JPEG, the camera’s on-board software carries out all the tasks listed in the last post          “Digital Photography and Raw Images”
to produce a color image, and then compresses it using JPEG compression. Some cameras let you set parameters for this conversion—typically, a choice of sRGB or Adobe RGB (1998) as color space,a sharpness value, and perhaps a tone curve or contrast setting—but unless your shooting schedule is atypically leisurely, you probably can’t adjust these parameters on an image-by-image basis, so you’re locked into the camera’s interpretation of the scene. JPEGs offer fairly limited editing headroom—large moves to tone and color tend to exaggerate the 8-by-8-pixel blocksthat form the foundation of JPEG compression—and while JPEG does a pretty good job of preserving luminance data, it really clobbers the color,leading to problems with skin tones and gentle gradations.When you shoot raw, however, you get to control the scene interpretation through all the aforementioned aspects of the Post. With raw, the only on-camera settings that have an effect on the captured pixels are the ISO speed, shutter speed, and aperture. Everything else is under your control when you convert the raw file. You can reinterpret the white balance, the colorimetric rendering, the tonal response, and the detail rendition (sharpeningand noise reduction) with a great deal of freedom., “Exposure and Linear Capture,”you can even reinterpret the basic exposure itself, resetting the white and black points.
Before retouching
After retouching
“Most of today’s cameras capture at least 12 bits per channel per pixel, for
a possible 4,096 levels in each channel. More bits translates directly into
editing headroom, but the JPEG format is limited to 8 bits per channel per
pixel. So when you shoot JPEG, you trust the camera’s built-in conversions
to throw away one-third of your data in a way that does justice to the image.”
When you shoot raw, though, you have, by definition, captured everything
the camera can deliver, so you have much greater freedom in shaping the
overall tone and contrast for the image. You also produce a file that can
withstand a great deal more editing in Photoshop than an 8-bit-per-channel
JPEG can.
Edits in Photoshop are destructive—when you use a tool such as Levels,
Curves, Hue/Saturation, or Color Balance, you change the actual pixel
values, creating the potential for either or both of two problems:
before the clipping fixed
After clipping eradicated
• Posterization can occur when you stretch a tonal range. Where the
levels were formerly adjacent, they’re now stretched apart, so instead
of a gradation from, for example, level 100 through 101, 102, 103, 104,
to 105, the new values may look more like 98, 101, 103, 105, and 107.
On its own, such an edit is unlikely to produce visible posterization—
it usually takes a gap of four or five levels before you see a visible jump
instead of a smooth gradation—but subsequent edits can widen the
gaps, inducing posterization.
• Detail loss can occur when you compress a tonal range. Where the
levels were formerly different, they’re now compressed into the same
value, so the differences, which represent potential detail, are tossed
irrevocably into the bit bucket, never to return.
Before
After effects
The images  were transformed from a regular jpeg format using camera Raw some of the outcomes were obvious and  not good, Most “were” throw away images, but I wanted to try to see
if they could be made better.
Sorces: Wikipedia, Wowebook
Doug Worrall Photographer


All Gallery’s are shot and presented in the jpeg format sRGB for best resolution on a screen Will be interesting to see the next Gallery all RAW and just RBG in 2011

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